Monastic Wales.








Event detail for site: Goldcliff

1113: Foundation

The priory was founded and endowed in 1113 by Robert de Chandos, at the instigation of Henry I.

Robert granted the church of St Mary Magdalene of Goldcliff with the lands and tithes belonging to it to the monks of Bec, Normandy, to establish an alien priory for twelve monks living under a prior who would pray for the souls of their benefactors. Robert’s endowment included the chapel of Nash, the church of St Julius and St Aaron and the church of the Holy Trinity. Robert later supplemented his endowment with the manors of Memebury (Devonshire), Monksilver and Preston (Somerset).

As a dependency of Bec the monks of Goldcliff were required to pay the mother-house £1 annually. Bec would have retained the right to send and recall monks from the dependency at will, and to present priors.

People associated with this event

Robert de Chandos , Norman magnate (founder)

Bibliographical sources

Printed sources

Cowley, F. G., The Monastic Order in South Wales 1066-1349 (Cardiff, 1977) p. 15

Graham, Rose, 'Four alien priories in Monmouthshire', Journal of the British Archaeological Association, 35 (1930) p. 105


Other events in the history of this site

1113Foundation - The priory was founded and endowed in 1113 by Robert de Chandos, at the instigation of Henry I.  [2 sources]
1143Dispute - Goldcliff was embroiled in a dispute with Bishop Uchtryd of Llandaff (1140-8). [2 sources]
1200Visitation - The abbot of Bec visited Goldcliff and other dependencies. [1 sources]
1274Levy imposed - Bec imposed a levy on its dependencies.  [1 sources]
1284Visitation - Visitation by John Pecham, archbishop of Canterbury.  [2 sources]
1290Concession - By royal command the house was permitted to hold an annual fair to combat its poverty. [2 sources]
c.1291Wealth - According to the figures recorded for the Taxatio Ecclesiastica of Pope Nicholas IV, Goldcliff’s spirtualities and temporalities totalled £171. [3 sources]
1291Dispute - The prior of Goldcliff was embroiled in a dispute with the priory's patron, Gilbert de Clare, earl of Gloucester. [2 sources]
1295 Royal custody - The house was seized by the king as an alien priory in August 1295. [2 sources]
1297Numbers - At this time numbers had fallen to fifteen. [1 sources]
1318Disputed deposition - Prior Ralph was removed from office. [1 sources]
1320-1337Debt - The priory was in debt to the sum of £63 13s 4d; its creditor was Philip de Columbariis (Columbers), patron of the house.  [1 sources]
1321Custody - Custody of Goldcliff was given to Thomas, the earl of Norfolk. [2 sources]
c.1327Custody - Following the outbreak of the Hundred Years’ War the prior of Goldcliff was permitted to retain custody of the house for the annual sum of £10. [1 sources]
1330sSuccession dispute - A long drawn-out dispute over the succession to the priorship dogged the community in the 1330s.  [1 sources]
1400Restoration - On 31 March 1400, Goldcliff was formally restored to Prior German de Sancto Vedasto. [1 sources]
1410Rejuvenation - Prior German de St Vaast (Vedasto) took steps to regenerate the priory.  [3 sources]
c.1420-45Priorship contended - Prior Laurence de Bonavilla was challenged for the headship of Goldcliff by John Twymyng, a monk of Gloucester. [2 sources]
1424Destruction - Severe storms and flooding destroyed the church. [1 sources]
1442Re-foundation - Goldcliff was annexed to Tewkesbury Abbey and refounded as a cell of the English house. [3 sources]
1450x70Dissolution - Monastic life was seriously impeded from c. 1445 but was formally terminated in 1467 and the church was left to ruin. [1 sources]
1451 (2 April)Custody - The king granted Goldcliff to Eton College.  [2 sources]
1462 (1 Feb)Custody - Goldcliff was granted once more to Tewkesbury. [2 sources][1 archives]
1467Custody - King Henry reconsidered the custody of Goldcliff and gave it once more to Eton college. [1 sources]

 
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