Monastic Wales.








Event detail for site: Goldcliff

1442: Re-foundation

Goldcliff was annexed to Tewkesbury Abbey and refounded as a cell of the English house.

Following the controversy over Prior Lawrence de Bonneville [View details], Henry IV deprived Bec of Goldcliff and granted the priory to Tewkesbury Abbey on the proviso that the new mother-house supplied a prior and two monks to reside at Goldcliff and celebrate masses for the founders’ souls. Only monks who had been ordained to the priesthood were to serve there. The Tewkesbury monks duly arrived and the Bec monks were expelled by armed men. Yet the former prior, Lawrence, refused to resign and was subsequently imprisoned. Lawrence appealed to Pope Eugenius IV who instructed the archbishops of Canterbury, Worcester and Hereford to excommunicate Sir William and others and restore Lawrence as prior; their efforts were futile. The Tewkesbury monks subsequently faced tumultuous times and in 1445 were driven away from Goldcliff by the Welsh. They returned in 1447 but four years later Henry VI gave the priory and all its appurtenants to his newly-established foundation, Eton College. The College’s rent rolls suggest that Tewkesbury continued to hold Goldcliff until at least 1455.
In 1462 Edward IV officially repealed Henry VI’s grant and restored the priory to Tewkesbury but five years, in 1467, the king reconsidered and Goldcliff was given to Eton once more while the monks of Tewkesbury received Deerhurst by way of consolation.

People associated with this event

Priors of Goldcliff

Bibliographical sources

Printed sources

Calendar of Entries in the Papal Registers Relating to Great Britain and Ireland: Papal Letters, ed. William H. Blis, Charles Johnson, J. Twemlow, M. J. Haren, A. P. Fuller (London and Dublin, 1883-) vol. 8, pp. 241-244

Graham, Rose, 'Four alien priories in Monmouthshire', Journal of the British Archaeological Association, 35 (1930) pp. 118-119

Heale, Martin, The Dependent Priories of Medieval English Monasteries, Studies in the History of Medieval Religion, 22 (Boydell and Brewer: Woodbridge, 2004) pp. 117, 295


Other events in the history of this site

1113Foundation - The priory was founded and endowed in 1113 by Robert de Chandos, at the instigation of Henry I.  [2 sources]
1143Dispute - Goldcliff was embroiled in a dispute with Bishop Uchtryd of Llandaff (1140-8). [2 sources]
1200Visitation - The abbot of Bec visited Goldcliff and other dependencies. [1 sources]
1274Levy imposed - Bec imposed a levy on its dependencies.  [1 sources]
1284Visitation - Visitation by John Pecham, archbishop of Canterbury.  [2 sources]
1290Concession - By royal command the house was permitted to hold an annual fair to combat its poverty. [2 sources]
c.1291Wealth - According to the figures recorded for the Taxatio Ecclesiastica of Pope Nicholas IV, Goldcliff’s spirtualities and temporalities totalled £171. [3 sources]
1291Dispute - The prior of Goldcliff was embroiled in a dispute with the priory's patron, Gilbert de Clare, earl of Gloucester. [2 sources]
1295 Royal custody - The house was seized by the king as an alien priory in August 1295. [2 sources]
1297Numbers - At this time numbers had fallen to fifteen. [1 sources]
1318Disputed deposition - Prior Ralph was removed from office. [1 sources]
1320-1337Debt - The priory was in debt to the sum of £63 13s 4d; its creditor was Philip de Columbariis (Columbers), patron of the house.  [1 sources]
1321Custody - Custody of Goldcliff was given to Thomas, the earl of Norfolk. [2 sources]
c.1327Custody - Following the outbreak of the Hundred Years’ War the prior of Goldcliff was permitted to retain custody of the house for the annual sum of £10. [1 sources]
1330sSuccession dispute - A long drawn-out dispute over the succession to the priorship dogged the community in the 1330s.  [1 sources]
1400Restoration - On 31 March 1400, Goldcliff was formally restored to Prior German de Sancto Vedasto. [1 sources]
1410Rejuvenation - Prior German de St Vaast (Vedasto) took steps to regenerate the priory.  [3 sources]
c.1420-45Priorship contended - Prior Laurence de Bonavilla was challenged for the headship of Goldcliff by John Twymyng, a monk of Gloucester. [2 sources]
1424Destruction - Severe storms and flooding destroyed the church. [1 sources]
1442Re-foundation - Goldcliff was annexed to Tewkesbury Abbey and refounded as a cell of the English house. [3 sources]
1450x70Dissolution - Monastic life was seriously impeded from c. 1445 but was formally terminated in 1467 and the church was left to ruin. [1 sources]
1451 (2 April)Custody - The king granted Goldcliff to Eton College.  [2 sources]
1462 (1 Feb)Custody - Goldcliff was granted once more to Tewkesbury. [2 sources][1 archives]
1467Custody - King Henry reconsidered the custody of Goldcliff and gave it once more to Eton college. [1 sources]

 
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