Monastic Wales.








Event detail for site: Pembroke

1098: Foundation

Arnulf of Montgomery, earl of Pembroke, granted the chapel in his castle with land to the abbey of St Martin of Séez, to establish an alien priory.

This led to the foundation of St Nicholas’ Priory, Pembroke (Monkton Priory).
Arnulf’s successors increased the priory’s endowments and the earls of Pembroke retained patronage of the house until the fourteenth century.

People associated with this event

Arnulf of Montgomery , magnate (founder)

Bibliographical sources

Printed sources

Calendar of Documents preserved in France illustrative of the History of Great Britain 1, AD 918-1216, PRO Texts and Calendars, ed. J. H. Round (London, 1899) no. 666


Other events in the history of this site

1098Foundation - Arnulf of Montgomery, earl of Pembroke, granted the chapel in his castle with land to the abbey of St Martin of Séez, to establish an alien priory.  [1 sources]
pre 1135Royal protection - Henry I (1100-35) issued the priory a writ of protection. [2 sources]
1171Theft - Both William Carquit, sheriff of Pembrokeshire, and the constable of Pembroke Castle, were excommunicated for removing eight yoke of oxen from Pembrokeshire Priory. [1 sources]
pre 1220Religious observance - Gerald of Wales (d. c. 1223) suggests that in the late twelfth / early thirteenth century religious observance at Pembroke was in need of reform.  [2 sources]
1284Visitation - Visitation of Archbishop Pecham. [2 sources]
1290Benefaction - On 11 May 1290, William de Valencia, father of Aymer, granted in mortmain land that had belonged to Maurice Ailward and a bovate of land late formerly held by Benedict, the chaplain, to John called 'Oysel', prior of Pembroke. [1 sources]
c.1291Wealth - According to the Taxatio Ecclesiastica Pembroke's income was estimated at £19 6s 3 1/2d.  [2 sources]
c.1299Benefaction - In 1299 Joan, countess of Pembroke (d. 1307), granted Pembroke a quitclaim of rent and other services for the good of the souls of herself, her husband, progenitors and successors. [2 sources]
c.1378Wealth (spiritualities) - At this time the priory relied heavily upon its spiritualities. [2 sources]
1381Clerical poll tax - Payments were required from each member of the community. [1 sources][1 archives]
1433Unconventual - In July 1433 it was said that the priory was not conventual and had not had any priors 'instituted or inducted'. [1 sources]
1441Dissolved - The priory was dissolved and the duke of Gloucester was given permission to assign the priory to St Albans (Hertfordshire).  [2 sources]
1443Custody - Custody of the house was granted to St Albans Abbey (Hertfordshire) by Humphrey, duke of Gloucester. [1 sources]
1453Custody - St Albans Abbey successfully opposed Earl Jasper of Pembroke who sought custody of the priory.  [1 sources]
1461Custody - St Albans was successful in securing the grant of Pembroke Priory. [1 sources]
c.1471Monastic life resumed - The first prior and monks from St Albans arrived at Pembroke which now functioned as a cell of the abbey.  [2 sources]
c.1520Allowances - St Albans was expected to provide for the monks of Pembroke who each received an allowance of 53s 4d.  [1 sources]
c.1525Numbers - At this time there were three monks. [1 sources]
1534Royal Supremacy - The last prior of Pembroke, John Warryn, acknowledged Royal Supremacy in 1534. [2 sources]
c.1535Wealth - According to the Valor Ecclesiasticus the priory had a net income of £57 9s 4d. [1 sources]
1539 (December)Dissolution - Pembroke was seemingly dissolved with its mother-house, St Albans. [1 sources]
c.1545Custody - The priory was granted to John Vaughan. [1 sources]

 
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