Monastic Wales.

Event detail for site: Goldcliff

c. 1420-45: Priorship contended

Prior Laurence de Bonavilla was challenged for the headship of Goldcliff by John Twymyng, a monk of Gloucester.

John allegedly claimed to have letters from King Henry permitting him to take up office at Goldcliff; he duly imprisoned Lawrence at Usk Castle and elsewhere. Lawrence however refused to resign and received licence from the king to return to Goldcliff. As a consequence the monks of Bec were expelled from Goldcliff and Tewkesbury took possession of the priory. In June 1445 a papal commission was established to consider this case and if necessary to restore Lawrence to office.

Bibliographical sources

Printed sources

The Heads of Religious Houses in England and Wales, III, 1377-1540, ed. David M. Smith (CUP: Cambridge, 2008) pp. 177-178

Calendar of Entries in the Papal Registers Relating to Great Britain and Ireland: Papal Letters, ed. William H. Blis, Charles Johnson, J. Twemlow, M. J. Haren, A. P. Fuller (London and Dublin, 1883-) vol. 9, pp. 472-475

Other events in the history of this site

1113Foundation - The priory was founded and endowed in 1113 by Robert de Chandos, at the instigation of Henry I.  [2 sources]
1143Dispute - Goldcliff was embroiled in a dispute with Bishop Uchtryd of Llandaff (1140-8). [2 sources]
1200Visitation - The abbot of Bec visited Goldcliff and other dependencies. [1 sources]
1274Levy imposed - Bec imposed a levy on its dependencies.  [1 sources]
1284Visitation - Visitation by John Pecham, archbishop of Canterbury.  [2 sources]
1290Concession - By royal command the house was permitted to hold an annual fair to combat its poverty. [2 sources]
c.1291Wealth - According to the figures recorded for the Taxatio Ecclesiastica of Pope Nicholas IV, Goldcliff’s spirtualities and temporalities totalled £171. [3 sources]
1291Dispute - The prior of Goldcliff was embroiled in a dispute with the priory's patron, Gilbert de Clare, earl of Gloucester. [2 sources]
1295 Royal custody - The house was seized by the king as an alien priory in August 1295. [2 sources]
1297Numbers - At this time numbers had fallen to fifteen. [1 sources]
1318Disputed deposition - Prior Ralph was removed from office. [1 sources]
1320-1337Debt - The priory was in debt to the sum of £63 13s 4d; its creditor was Philip de Columbariis (Columbers), patron of the house.  [1 sources]
1321Custody - Custody of Goldcliff was given to Thomas, the earl of Norfolk. [2 sources]
c.1327Custody - Following the outbreak of the Hundred Years’ War the prior of Goldcliff was permitted to retain custody of the house for the annual sum of £10. [1 sources]
1330sSuccession dispute - A long drawn-out dispute over the succession to the priorship dogged the community in the 1330s.  [1 sources]
1400Restoration - On 31 March 1400, Goldcliff was formally restored to Prior German de Sancto Vedasto. [1 sources]
1410Rejuvenation - Prior German de St Vaast (Vedasto) took steps to regenerate the priory.  [3 sources]
c.1420-45Priorship contended - Prior Laurence de Bonavilla was challenged for the headship of Goldcliff by John Twymyng, a monk of Gloucester. [2 sources]
1424Destruction - Severe storms and flooding destroyed the church. [1 sources]
1442Re-foundation - Goldcliff was annexed to Tewkesbury Abbey and refounded as a cell of the English house. [3 sources]
1450x70Dissolution - Monastic life was seriously impeded from c. 1445 but was formally terminated in 1467 and the church was left to ruin. [1 sources]
1451 (2 April)Custody - The king granted Goldcliff to Eton College.  [2 sources]
1462 (1 Feb)Custody - Goldcliff was granted once more to Tewkesbury. [2 sources][1 archives]
1467Custody - King Henry reconsidered the custody of Goldcliff and gave it once more to Eton college. [1 sources]