Monastic Wales.








Display person:

Abbots of Valle Crucis

A list of the known abbots of Valle Crucis.

?Philip: there is seemingly a reference to an abbot, ‘Phill’, c. 1201.

David: occurs as abbot of Valle Crucis in c. 1206.

John: occurs as abbot c. 1213.

‘M’: occurs as abbot in 1226.

Tenhaer: occurs as abbot in 1227 and on various occasions until 1234.

Madoc: in 1254 he is described as former abbot of Valle Crucis.
He should perhaps be identified with the Prior ‘M’ of Valle Crucis who is mentioned in 1234.

Anian ap Meredith: occurs as abbot in 1251, 1254 and perhaps in 1265.

Gervase (Iorwerth): occurs as abbot in December 1270.

Madoc: occurs as abbot in September 1275 and on various occasions until November 1284.

Hywel: occurs as abbot in February 1294 and July 1295.

Adam (Ad(d)af, Atha): occurs as abbot in 1330 and on several occasions until August 1343 (and perhaps January 1344).

Thomas: occurs as abbot in 1380x81.

Robert Lancaster: as abbot of Valle Crucis Robert received the temporalities of the bishopric of St Asaph in October 1409. As bishop of St Asaph he held the abbacy of Valle Cruics in commendam, first for five years, then in September 1419 this was extended to ten years and in June 1424 to fifteen years. Robert died in March 1433 and may still have held the abbacy at this time.

Richard Mason: appears as abbot of the house in February 1348 and until July 1448.

Sion ap Rhisiart / John ap Richard: appears as abbot of Valle Crucis in 1455 and until July 1461.

Dafydd ap Ieuan ap Iorwerth: 1480-1503.
In 1480 Dafydd sought confirmation of the abbacy from the Cistercian General Chapter and occurs as abbot in February 1484. He was elevated to the see of St Asaph in 1500 but continued to hold the abbacy in commendam: Dafydd was dead before 18 December 1503. Smith [Heads of Religious Houses, 3] suggests that Dafydd should perhaps be identified with the David ap John who was a monk of Conwy.

John Lloyd (Lloid, Lloyd): reputedly appeared as abbot in a document dated to c. 1503. In August 1508 he occurs as abbot of Vale Crucis ('Llyneggwistle') and also in 1512.

In April 1518 Pace wrote to Wolsey suggesting that the abbot of Valle Crucics, a royal chaplain and doctor of both laws, should be raised to the see of St Asaph.

Robert Salisbury (Sallesbere, Sallysbere, Salbere, Salysbury): ?-1535.
Richard appears as abbot of Valle Crucis in April 1528 and on several occasions until 1535 when he was imprisoned in the White Tower, the Tower of London, on account of robbery, and was duly deprived of office. Read more.

John Herne or Heron alias Deram (Duram / Durham): 1535-6.
John was a monk of St Mary Graces, London, and was abbot of Valle Crucis from June 1535 until August 1536. There was no formal surrender of the abbey. John was granted a pension in March 1537.

Sites associated with this person

Valle Crucis Abbey, Denbighshire

Bibliographical sources

Printed sources

The Heads of Religious Houses in England and Wales, I, 940-1216, ed. D. Knowles, C. Brooke and V. London (London, 1972; 2001) pp. 145-6

The Heads of Religious Houses in England and Wales, II, 1216-1377, ed. D. M. Smith and V. London (CUP: Cambridge, 2001) p. 318

The Heads of Religious Houses in England and Wales, III, 1377-1540, ed. David M. Smith (CUP: Cambridge, 2008) pp. 344-5


 
Graphic.