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Valle Crucis (Abbey)

also known as: Valle Crucis; Abaty Glyn-y-Groes; Glyn Egwestl; Llanegwestl

Order: Cistercian

Valle Crucis was founded by Madog ap Gruffydd Maelor (d. 1236), lord of Iâl. Throughout its history the community remained loyal to the native Welsh princes. show details of standing remains

Dedicated to: Virgin Mary Medieval Diocese: St Asaph
Affiliated to: Strata Marcella (mother-house)
Lordship at foundation: Maelor
Access: Public
Owned by: Cadw [http://cadw.wales.gov.uk/daysout/vallecrucisabbey/?lang=en]

Main events in the history of this site

1201Foundation - Valle Crucis was founded as a daughter-house of Strata Marcella in January 1201 by Madog ap Gruffydd Maelor, lord of Iâl.  [4 sources]
1225Dispute - The community engaged in a dispute with its neighbouring Cistercians at Strata Marcella. [1 source]
1227Dispute - The community engaged in a dispute with its neighbouring Cistercians at Cwmhir. [1 source]
1234Official reprimand - The General Chapter reprimanded the community for allowing women to enter the abbey precincts. [2 sources]
c.1236Destruction - The abbey was destroyed by fire. [1 source]
1236Burial - The abbey's founder, Madog ap Gruffydd Maelor, was buried in the church. [2 sources]
1236Confirmation - Madog's son, Gruffudd Maelor, confirmed all the gifts and liberties his father had granted to the abbey. [2 sources]
1269Burial - Gruffudd Maelor, the son of the founder, was buried at the house. [1 source]
1274Allegiance - The abbot was one of those who wrote to the pope in support of Llywelyn ap Gruffudd. [2 sources]
1276-1277 Destruction - The abbey suffered devastation during Edward I's Welsh wars. [1 source]
1282, 11 December Loan - Llywellyn ap Gruffydd (the last) loaned the community £40 to 'expedite and sustain Abbot Madog' on abbey business. [2 sources]
1282-1283Destruction - The abbey again suffered devastation during Edward I's Welsh wars. [2 sources]
1282-1332Literary production - The Brut y Tywysogyon [Chronicle of the Princes] was compiled at Valle Crucis. [3 sources][1 archive]
1284Compensation - Edward I granted the community £160 by way of compensation for losses incurred during the warfare.  [2 sources]
c.1291Wealth - According to the Taxatio Ecclesiastica the community's lands and granges were valued at just £14 14s 89. [4 sources]
1295Royal visit - Edward I visited the abbey in July and made an offering at the High Altar. [2 sources]
c.1300Patronage - At this time the house was under the patronage of Richard, earl of Arundel. [1 source]
1306Burial - Madog ap Gruffudd, the great-grandson of the founder, was buried before the High Altar. [2 sources]
1309Attendance of General Chapter - The abbot of Valle Crucis was present at the General Chapter. [3 sources]
1330-1344Building work - The gable top at the west front of the church records that this building was undertaken by Abbot Adam (1330-1344). [1 source]
1409-post 1419Custody - Valle Crucis was at this time held in commendam by Robert of Lancaster, who from 1410 was bishop of St Asaph. [3 sources]
1450-c. 1527Revival - Abbots Siôn ap Rhisiart (c. 1455-61), Dafydd ab Ieuan (c. 1480-1503) and Siôn Llywd (c. 1503-1527) raised the monastery's profile. [1 source]
pre 1493Corrodian - The Welsh bard, Guto'r Glyn, was at this time a corrodian of the abbey. [2 sources]
1528Numbers - At this time there were seven monks under Abbot Robert Salusbury, who was deposed in 1534. [2 sources]
1534Visitation - In February a visitation of Valle Crucis was conducted by Abbot Leyshon Thomas of Neath who accused Abbot Robert Salusbury / Salisbury (1528-35) of various crimes and excesses.  [5 sources]
1535Abbatial arrest - Abbot Robert Salisbury of Valle Crucis was arrested for his part in a highway robbery. [6 sources]
c.1535Wealth - According to the Valor Ecclesiasticus the abbey had a net annual income of £188 8s 0d. [4 sources]
1535Community life - There were at this time six monks living at the house. The two royal commissioners remarked on the general state of degeneration - and debt. [1 source]
c.1537Dissolution - The abbey was dissolved at some time between November 1536 and January 1537. At this time the abbey was under the patronage of Henry Fitzroy, duke of Richmond and Somerset.
 [6 sources]
+ 27 minor events. Show minor events

People associated with this site

Abbots of Valle Crucis

Edward I , king of England , lord of Ireland, duke of Aquitaine (stays)

Guto'r Glyn , Welsh bard (resident bard; retires to house)

Gutun Owain; Gruffudd ap Huw ab Owain , poet

Henry Fitzroy , duke of Richmond and Somerset (patron)

Lewis Môn (resident bard)

Llywelyn ap Gruffudd , Prince of Wales (Lends money)

Madog ap Gruffydd Maelor , ruler in Powys (north) (founder)

Owain Brogyntyn (Oenus de Porchinton) (benefactor)

Richard fitz Alan; Richard (II) , earl of Arundel (paton, c. 1300)

Tudur Aled , Welsh poet

Bibliographical sources

93 Printed sources

show sources

8 On-line sources

show online sources

Archival sources

Eton College, 'Book formerly belonging to Valle Crucis', (Document), (View website)

National Library of Wales, 'Chronicle of the Princes, Brut y Tywysogion (Peniarth 20)', (Document), (View website)

The National Archives, 'Common seal of Valle Crucis', (View website)

British Library, 'Latin Homilies', (Document), (View website)

The National Archives, 'Petition by the abbot and convent of Valle Crucis to the king', (Document), (View website)

The National Archives, 'Special Collections: Ministers' and Receivers' Accounts: Monastic Possessions Possessions of the d', (Document), (View website)

Bodleian Library, Oxford, 'Thirteenth-century anthology, belonging to Valle Crucis', (Document), (View website)

Denbighshire Record Office, Ruthin, 'Wynnstay Estate Archives: foundation charter of Valle Crucis', (Document),

Related articles on Monastic Wales

Remnants of Valle Crucis,
The Cistercians in Wales, Professor Janet Burton
Who were the Cistercians?, Professor Janet Burton

Images of this site

Capitals, Valle Crucis Abbey

Carved capitals, Valle Crucis

Door of the library, Valle Crucis


East range, Valle Crucis Abbey

Fireplace, abbot's house, Valle Crucis

Fragment of grave slab, Valle Crucis


Groundplan of Valle Crucis, Cadw, Welsh Government (Crown Copyright)

Inside the former abbey church, Valle Crucis.

Rose window, east gable of the abbey church, Valle Crucis


The chapterhouse, Valle Crucis

Tomb slab

Tomb slab of Madog ap Gruffudd Fychan


Tomb slab of Madog ap Gruffudd Fychan.

Tomb slab, Valle Crucis

Tomb slabs, Valle Crucis


Valle Crucis Abbey

Valle Crucis Abbey

Valle Crucis Abbey


Valle Crucis Abbey

Valle Crucis Abbey, the west entrance

Valle Crucis from the south


Window tracery, Valle Crucis Abbey

Window, Valle Crucis

Valle Crucis Abbey

Denbighshire, OS Grid:SJ2043544154
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