Event detail for site: Cymer
1520: Contested abbacy
Rival claimants to the abbacy.
Lewis ap Thomas and John were rival claimants to the abbacy; according to Robinson [ see below] this led to 'a sequence of late leases of monastic demesne'. Lewis was duly elevated to the abbacy and secured a sound reputation for management and in 1537 was made bishop of Shrewsbury.
Robinson, David M., The Cistercians in Wales: Architecture and Archaeology 1130-1540, Society of Antiquaries of London, Research Committee Report (London, 2006) p. 236
Williams, David H., The Welsh Cistercians (Leominster, 2001) pp. 65-68
Other events in the history of this site
c.1198: Foundation - The Cistercian General Chapter received a request from 'Grifini', prince of N. Wales (Gruffyd ap Cynan), to build an abbey of the Order. [5 sources]
1209: Royal confirmation - Prince Llywelyn ab Iorwerth (Llywelyn the Great) confirmed all grants and privileges that had been hitherto accorded to the abbey and offered the monks his protection. [3 sources]
1241: Destruction - Henry III caused some of the abbey's buildings to be burned. [2 sources]
1274: Loan - Llywelyn ap Gruffudd (Llywelyn the Last, d. 1282) made the abbot a loan of £12 to enable him to travel to the annual general chapter at Cîteaux. [3 sources]
1275: Royal troops billeted - Prince Llywelyn ap Gruffydd made his HQ at the abbey. [1 sources]
1279: Royal troops billeted - Prince Llywelyn ap Gruffydd again made HQ at the abbey. [1 sources]
1283: Occupation - Edward I occupied the abbey and made this his base for machinations in the region. [1 sources]
1284: Compensation - Edward I offered the monks £80 to defray the costs of damages incurred during the warfare. [2 sources]
1291: Wealth - The abbey's net income (spiritualities and temporalities) was assessed at just £28 8s 3d in the Taxatio Ecclesiastica. [3 sources]
1323: Confirmation - Edward II confirmed Prince Llywelyn’s charter of 1209. [2 sources]
1379: Poll tax - The abbot was required to pay 10s and each of the four monks, 4d. [1 archives]
1443: Custody - Cymer was taken into royal custody. [2 sources]
1453: Custody - Cymer was once more taken into royal custody. [2 sources]
1520: Contested abbacy - Rival claimants to the abbacy. [2 sources]
c.1535: Valuation - On the eve of the Dissolution the abbey had an estimated net income of £51 13s 4d, according to the Valor Ecclesiasticus. [3 sources][1 archives]
c.1537: Dissolution - The abbey was likely suppressed in March 1537. [2 sources]
1558: Post Dissolution - In May 1558 the site was leased to John Powes, royal servant. [1 sources]
1890: Artefacts recovered - A splendid thirteenth-century silver gilt chalice and paten belonging to the abbey were found hidden under a stone at Cym-y-mynach.
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