Monastic Wales.

Event detail for site: Pill

c. 1190: Foundation

There is much uncertainty about the date of foundation.

While some argue that the house was founded as early as 1113 x 1115 others consider the mid-late twelfth century as more likely and perhaps as late as c. 1200. The original foundation charter survives as a late thirteenth-century inspeximus of Edward I (1294-1295).

People associated with this event

Adam de la Rupe (Roche) (founder)

Bibliographical sources

Printed sources

Calendar of the Charter Rolls Preserved in the Public Record Office, 6 vols (London, 1903-1927) vol. 2, pp. 468-469

Medieval Religious Houses, England and Wales, ed. R. Neville Hadcock and David Knowles (Harlow, 1971) p. 107

Binns, Alison, Dedications of Religious Houses in England and Wales 1066-1216, Studies in the History of Medieval Religion, 1 (Boydell and Brewer: Woodbridge, 1989) p. 103

Ludlow, N. D., Ramsey, R. S. F. and Schlee, D. E., 'Pill Priory 1996-1999: recent work at a Tironian House in Pembrokeshire', Medieval Archaeology (2002) p. 45

Other events in the history of this site

c.1190Foundation - There is much uncertainty about the date of foundation. [4 sources]
1204 x 1219Confirmation - William Marshal I, earl of Pembroke and lord of Haverford, confirmed the priory's holdings. [1 sources]
c.1291Fiscal duties - Pill was obliged to pay the annual sum of £9 6s 8d to its mother-house, St Dogmaels. [1 sources]
c.1294Inspeximus - Edward I confirmed the priory's previous charters including the foundation charter of Adam de Roche. [2 sources]
1314Burial - John de Roche willed to be buried at Pill. [2 sources]
1381Clerical poll tax - Payments required from the community [1 sources][1 archives]
1388Proposed visitation - John Sampson was commissioned by the archbishop of Canterbury to conduct a visitation of St Dogmaels and Pill. [1 sources]
1405Diocesan control - From 1405 St Dogmaels and its daughter-houses of Pill and Caldey were placed under episcopal jurisdiction and subject to episcopal visitation. [1 sources]
1405Visitation - In April 1405 Prior Walter Robjoy and the community at Pill had their first episcopal visitation. [2 sources]
1504Visitation - On 10 September visitation of the priory was conducted by a representative of the archbishop of Canterbury since the see of St David's was vacant.  [1 sources][1 archives]
1534Act of Supremacy - On 20 July 1534 the prior, William Watts, and the monks of Pill gathered in the chapter-house and signed the Act of Supremacy, thereby acknowledging Henry VIII as head of the church and agreeing to call the pope bishop. [5 sources]
c.1535Wealth - According to the Valor Ecclesiasticus Pill had an estimated annual income of £67 15s 3d gross and £52 2s 5d net after charges. [5 sources][1 archives]
1537Dissolution -  [6 sources]