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Edward III, king of England and lord of Ireland, and duke of Aquitaine

Born: 1312 (12 November)   Died: 1377 (21 June)   Active: 1327-77   

The eldest son of Edward II and Isabella of France, he succeeded his father in 1327 and reigned for the next fifty years. He is chiefly remembered as a great warrior who was extensively involved in warfare with Scotland and France. However, his reign saw great peace and stability within the country.

On 26 October 1326 Isabella and her party declared Prince Edward keeper of the realm, since Edward II had fled to Wales and abandoned the kingdom. Edward was crowned in February 1327 but power effectively rested in the hands of his mother, Isabella, and her lover, Roger Mortimer. Shortly before his eighteenth birthday in 1330, Edward seized power from Mortimer who was arrested, and took the reins of government into his own hands.

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Ormrod, W. M., Oxford Dictionary of National Biography online - Edward III (View website) (Subscription reqd.)